Genitourinary Development

A tutorial correlating embryology with congenital anomalies.
David A. Hatch, M.D.

Professor of Urology & Pediatrics, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine


A brief introduction with information about conventions used in the tutorial.

Pick a topic to study.

  G/U Imaging Learn about the ways congenital genitourinary defects present (case histories) and the imaging techniques used to detect them.
  Bladder Normal development of the bladder and prostate. Bladder exstrophy, cloacal exstrophy, persistent urachus and posterior urethral valves.
  Kidney Normal kidney development. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction, renal dysplasia, multicystic kidney, horseshoe kidney and pelvic kidney.
  Penis/Urethra Normal development of the penis, male urethra and foreskin. Illustrates hypospadias and intersex.
  Scrotum/Testis Normal development of the testis. Undescended testis, hydrocele, indirect inguinal hernia, spermatic cord torsion, and torsion of testicular appendix.
  Ureter Normal development of the ureter. Vesicoureteric reflux, megaureter and ureteric duplication.

Questions or comments? Send e-mail to David A. Hatch, MD. Last updated on 15 June 2003

ęDavid A. Hatch, M.D., 1996-2003