Knowledge - Students should be able to:

  1. Classify cough as [Chronic vs. Acute] and [Productive vs. Nonproductive].
  2. Recognize the common causes of chronic cough.
  3. Understand the various treatment and diagnostic options available.  













Skills - Students should be able to:

  1. Obtain the pertinent historical and physical examination data for the evaluation of chronic cough.
  2. Formulate an appropriate differential diagnosis.
  3. Understand when to recommend laboratory testing versus a therapeutic trial of medications.  














Attitudes and Professional Behaviors:

















Recommended References:

  1. Irwin R, Curley FJ. The treatment of cough: a comprehensive review. Chest 1991. 99:1477-1483.
  2. Pratter MR, Bartter T, Akers, S, DuBois J. An algorithmic approach to chronic cough. Ann Int Med 1993, 119: 977-983.
  3. Braunwald, E. In Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 1998, 14th Edition, pp 194-196.