Objectives for Medical Student Outpatient Urology Rotation

Medical History

Each student will take a complete urological history including:

  • evaluation of voiding (male and female)
  • abdominal symptoms related to the genitourinary tract
  • sexual function
  • scrotal symptoms
  • fertility

Urological Exam

Each student will perform a detailed physical exam including:

  • Examination of the abdomen
  • Examination of the penis
  • Examination of the scrotum
  • Examination of the testes
  • Examination of the prostate
  • Examination of the female genitalia

Urologic Imaging Evaluation

Each student will review, under faculty supervision, urologic imaging studies including:

  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Voiding cystourethrogram
  • Lasix renogram
  • Renal Ultrasound

Urological Clinical Laboratory Evaluation

Each student will review, under faculty supervision, urologic clinical laboratory evaluation such as:

  • Urinalysis with microscopic exam
  • Renal function determination (Cr [s], Bun)
  • Prostate specific antigen

Each student will be expected to combine the results of each of the above evaluations from a patient and create a differential diagnosis of the urologic disorder. From this list the student will suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic plan.

Range of Urologic Conditions

Each of the students should be exposed to patients with the following urologic problems:

  • Bladder outlet obstruction
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urolithiasis
  • Urologic malignancy (renal, prostate, bladder, testis, etc.)
  • Infertility
  • Impotence
  • Congenital urologic anomalies (hypospadias, cryptorchidism,
    hydrocele, etc.)